5:39 pm, Tue June 27, 2017

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Today In History

June 27th

1801 British forces captured Cairo and the French began withdrawing from Egypt in one of the Napoleonic Wars.
1829 English scientist James Smithson leaves a will that eventually funds the establishment of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, in a country he never visited.
1844 Mormon founder Joseph Smith was slain by a mob at a jail in Carthage, Ill.
1847 The first telegraph wire links were established between New York City and Boston.
1859 Louisville, Ky., schoolteacher Mildred Hill wrote a tune for her students and called it Good Morning To You. Her sister, Patty, wrote the lyrics and later added a verse that began Happy Birthday To You.
1893 The Panic of 1893 began as the value of the U.S. silver dollar fell to less than 60 cents in gold.
1950 U.S. President Harry Truman ordered U.S. naval and air forces to help repel the North Korean invasion of South Korea.
1979 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled private employers could give special preferences to blacks to eliminate manifest racial imbalance in traditionally white-only jobs.
1991 Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall announced he was retiring from the U.S. Supreme Court. He was the first African-American to sit on the high court.
1991 South Africa announced it would sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and agree not to develop nuclear weapons.
1992 U.S. President George H.W. Bush's only daughter married the former top aide to the House Democratic leader in a private ceremony at Camp David, Md.
1993 U.N.-sponsored talks between exiled Haitian President Aristide and the military leaders who ousted him opened in New York.
1995 The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a historic mission to dock with the Russian space station Mir. The flight was also the 100th U.S.-piloted space mission.
2001 Screen legend Jack Lemmon died at the age of 76.
2002 The U.S. Supreme Court, acting in a Cleveland case, upheld that city's school vouchers program, in which public money goes to help parents pay tuition to non-public schools.
2003 The Federal Trade Commission opened a long-awaited nationwide registry for those who want to block unwanted telemarketing calls.
2004 Two car bombs exploded near a mosque in the southern Iraqi city of Hilla, killing at least 23 Iraqi civilians and wounding 58 others.
2005 U.S. crude oil prices closed at a record $60 a barrel.
2005 Dennis Rader, the so-called BTK killer (bind, torture, kill), pleaded guilty to 10 slayings in the Wichita, Kan., area.
2007 Tony Blair officially stepped down as British prime minister when he submitted his resignation to Queen Elizabeth II and was succeeded by Gordon Brown. Blair moved into a new role as special international envoy for the Middle East.
2007 Gasoline rationing was introduced in Iran despite its status as the second-highest OPEC crude oil producer. Iran had minimal refining capacity and reportedly must import about 40 percent of its refined gasoline.
2008 Despite sharp, widespread opposition, the violent Zimbabwean presidential runoff election went as scheduled with incumbent Robert Mugabe re-elected as the only candidate left in the race. Challenger Morgan Tsvangirai had withdrawn citing escalating violence against his supporters.


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